Responding to the international spread of communicable disease requires states to have specific capacities and is a key focus of the IHR(2005). The IHR(2005) is a binding instrument of international law aimed at preventing, protecting, controlling, and responding to the international spread of disease.
The focus of this dataset is on national laws that allow each country to mobilize resources to respond to the outbreak and to protect the population. Public health emergencies require mobilization of health personnel, the availability of health care infrastructures, and equipment. During an outbreak, peacetime organization and routine may be strained and national laws facilitate the organization of surge capacities. Communication channels between all stakeholders are also needed to ensure efficient use of capacities. Furthermore, in the response strategy, the IHR(2005) also emphasizes the need to protect human rights and thus, this dataset includes national law providing for the limitation of human rights particularly in the context of compulsory medical examinations, treatment, and quarantine.
This is a cross-sectional dataset displaying laws in effect across four countries (Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Serbia, and Switzerland) as of February 1, 2019.