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Syringe Distribution Laws Map


Historically, state laws have created barriers that make it difficult for injection drug users (IDUs) to access sterile syringes by criminalizing distribution and possession of those syringes. These laws have likely increased the transmission/spread of blood-borne diseases like HIV/AIDS. As awareness of this public health issue has increased, many states have amended their laws. On this page you can learn more about laws that make it easier or harder for IDUs to access sterile syringes.

Use the “at a glance” pre-set queries to explore the laws quickly. You can also explore the map on your own by using the query box below. This page has been updated through August 2013. 


At A Glance

  • States in which prescription AND paraphernalia law barriers to syringe distribution are absent or reduced.

		array(1) {
  [0]=>
  object(stdClass)#155 (4) {
    ["question"]=>
    string(106) "States in which prescription AND paraphernalia law barriers to syringe distribution are absent or reduced."
    ["answers"]=>
    string(0) ""
    ["description"]=>
    string(106) "States in which prescription AND paraphernalia law barriers to syringe distribution are absent or reduced."
    ["criteria"]=>
    object(stdClass)#156 (2) {
      ["$or"]=>
      array(6) {
        [0]=>
        object(stdClass)#157 (1) {
          ["sederegyn"]=>
          string(2) "No"
        }
        [1]=>
        object(stdClass)#158 (2) {
          ["sederegyn"]=>
          string(3) "Yes"
          ["sederegref"]=>
          string(41) "Needles or syringes or hypodermic devices"
        }
        [2]=>
        object(stdClass)#159 (2) {
          ["sederegyn"]=>
          string(3) "Yes"
          ["sederegref"]=>
          string(22) "Injection or injecting"
        }
        [3]=>
        object(stdClass)#160 (1) {
          ["sederegdef"]=>
          string(3) "Yes"
        }
        [4]=>
        object(stdClass)#161 (1) {
          ["sederegexcep"]=>
          string(3) "Yes"
        }
        [5]=>
        object(stdClass)#162 (1) {
          ["sederegexcep"]=>
          string(22) "Not defined as illegal"
        }
      }
      ["$and"]=>
      array(2) {
        [0]=>
        object(stdClass)#163 (1) {
          ["$or"]=>
          array(2) {
            [0]=>
            object(stdClass)#164 (1) {
              ["raregyn"]=>
              string(2) "No"
            }
            [1]=>
            object(stdClass)#165 (2) {
              ["raregyn"]=>
              string(3) "Yes"
              ["ralimphyn"]=>
              string(2) "No"
            }
          }
        }
        [1]=>
        object(stdClass)#166 (1) {
          ["_deleted"]=>
          object(stdClass)#167 (1) {
            ["$ne"]=>
            bool(true)
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
		

Query the Dataset

 

 

Pick a year

Drug paraphernalia

 
 
 
Removed references
 
 
 
Syringe exception
 
 
Exceptions
 
 
 
Exception list
 
 
 
 

Prescription required

 
 
 
Require prescription for adult purchasers
 
 
Limit number of syringes sold at retail
 
 
Numerical limit
 
 
 
Limit retail sale to pharmacies
 
 
Information collected
 
 
 
 
 

Explicitly authorize syringe exchange

 
 
 
Require local approval
 
 
Limits to 1-for-1 exchange
 
 
Authorize starter set
 
 

DEMO - WA