Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist State Scope of Practice Laws

Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) are advanced practice registered nurses who specialize in the administration of anesthesia. State statutes and regulations govern CRNA scope of practice, including the authority to provide anesthesia-related care independently, or with required involvement by another healthcare professional such as a physician, dentist, or anesthesiologist. These laws vary widely across jurisdictions and often depend on whether the CRNA is practicing in a hospital or in a free-standing ambulatory surgical center. Additionally, in some states, CRNAs have authority to prescribe medication and provide pain management to patients.

This cross-sectional dataset examines state statutes, regulations, executive orders, and governor opt-out letters governing CRNA scope of practice that were in effect as of April 10, 2022, and currently covers the following states:

  • Alaska, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Ohio, and Oregon (batch 1); and
  • Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Idaho, New York, and Oklahoma (batch 2).

When complete, the dataset will cover all 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

This project was supported by the Office of Nursing Services at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.

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