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Overdose Prevention Center Laws


About this dataset:

Overdose prevention centers (OPCs) are facilities where controlled substances, obtained outside the center, may be consumed in a safe environment with monitoring by staff.  These centers are intended to lessen the risk of overdose and often also provide access to critical services such as syringe exchange, fentanyl test strip and naloxone distribution, and referrals to treatment for infectious diseases and substance use disorder.  

This is a longitudinal dataset analyzing statutes and regulations related to the establishment of overdose prevention centers and state pilot programs for overdose prevention centers as from January 1, 2022 to November 1, 2023. This dataset utilizes questions developed by the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO), through ASTHO’s Public Health Legal Mapping Center

These data were created with support from the Foundation for Opioid Response Efforts (FORE). 

Dataset Created by
Center for Public Health Law Research

Dataset Maintained by
Center for Public Health Law Research

Dataset Valid From

Dataset Updated Through

Total Jurisdictions Covered

Jonathan Larsen (

Cite this dataset

Temple University Center for Public Health Law Research (2024, May 21). Overdose Prevention Center Laws.

CPHLR (May 21, 2024). “Overdose Prevention Center Laws”.
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