Many states require an individual seeking an abortion to meet certain conditions before they can obtain the procedure. State abortion waiting period laws require an individual seeking abortion to wait a specified time period after receiving mandatory counseling, usually between 24 to 72 hours, before they can obtain the procedure. The mandatory counseling that must occur prior to obtaining an abortion goes beyond the customary informed consent that is generally required for all medical procedures, and sometimes includes misleading information regarding abortion procedures. Additionally, many states require that the individual seeking an abortion make an additional trip to the facility to receive the required information. These pre-abortion requirement laws may also include requirements for the individual seeking abortion to first receive information regarding medication abortion reversal; obtain an ultrasound and/or fetal heart tone auscultation; or undergo additional testing (e.g., Rh factor, STI testing, urinalysis).
This dataset explores abortion regulations in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia in effect from December 1, 2018 through November 1, 2022, as well as case law and attorney general opinions that affect the enforceability of these laws.
This dataset is a part of a suite of 17 datasets created by the Policy Surveillance Program of the Center for Public Health Law Research in collaboration with subject matter experts from Resources for Abortion Delivery (RAD), Guttmacher Institute, American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), Center for Reproductive Rights (CRR), National Abortion Federation (NAF), and Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA), who conceptualized and developed the Abortion Law Project. If you need broader contextual information on state laws and policies, national level information, or data and evidence related to abortion and other reproductive health issues, please contact the Guttmacher Institute at email@example.com.
Disclaimer: The information contained herein does not constitute legal advice. If you have questions regarding your legal rights or obligations, contact an attorney. If you are an abortion provider seeking legal compliance guidance, the following collaborating organizations may be able to assist you: ACLU, CRR, PPFA (for affiliated health centers), NAF, and Regulatory Assistance for Abortion Providers (a project of RAD).
**Note: CPHLR is working collaboratively with Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH) on the NICHD-funded Legal Epidemiology of Abortion Policies (LEAP) Study to build longitudinal abortion policy data covering changes from 2005 through 2022. These data will be publicly released on LawAtlas.org upon completion of the project period anticipated in 2027. To learn more about the LEAP Study, please visit the study webpage.Read more...